ESG Library

Employment, Labor, and Diversity

Basic Approach

At the DOWA Group, we believe that human resources are at the core of all of our business activities. We have overcome challenges in our long history by mobilizing each individual person working on the front line of development, manufacturing, marketing, and management, etc., in the DOWA Group and by squarely facing and addressing problems that have emerged at different times. To achieve the sustainable development of the DOWA Group and to continue to be a corporate group that is truly needed by society, we aim to maintain corporate growth by combining the efforts of each member who shares our Corporate Mission.

Based on the belief that a diverse workforce with various values and perspectives that can fully demonstrate their individuality and abilities will lead to the growth of the Company, we are working to expand diversity.

In addition, in our Values and Code of Conduct, we demonstrate respect for individuals and diversity in relation to labor, including the prohibition of forced labor. We translate our Code of Conduct into multiple languages so that it can be understood by all employees working in Japan and abroad.

The Vision (Our Goal in 2030) as it Relates to Human Capital

The Vision (our goal in 2030) as it relates to human capital is to be an organization that continues to grow as it strives to create economic and social value. We have defined such an organization as meeting the following three conditions.

  • A collection of people that sympathize with the value and role our business has in helping resolve wide-ranging social issues
  • An organization that emphasizes teamwork and communication and can demonstrate results Groupwide
  • An organization that is open to diverse workstyles and utilizes diverse human resources to accept changes and challenges
Important Themes to Achieve the Vision
1 Securing human resources and developing core human resources
2 Developing human resources and promoting organization building that will create change
3 Establishing diverse workstyles
4 Promoting diversity and spreading awareness of human rights
5 Promoting DX initiatives among human resources

See the Human resource development page for information on “1. Securing human resources and developing core human resources” and “2. Developing human resources and promoting organization building that will create change”.

Promotion Framework

Governance regarding human capital is integrated into the overall Group governance. The Human Resources Department of DOWA Holdings is taking the lead in strengthening the Company’s organizational capabilities while collaborating with other divisions, operating companies, and business sites. The department comprises four sections, which are responsible for recruitment and human resource development, human resources and organization, labor administration and global human resources, and health insurance and occupational health, respectively. Functions related to human resources typically include recruitment, human resource evaluation, human resource development, labor affairs, and the development of workplace environments. The four sections of the Human Resources Department have an organic relationship with these functions and serve to enhance them, which increases organizational power in turn. As for the organization of the Human Resources Department, the director serving as general manager of the department is under the direct supervision of the president. This system ensures that instructions and orders can be relayed to the Human Resources Department in a simpler and more effective manner.

Promotion Framework

Establishing Diverse Workstyles

With the population expected to continue to decline in Japan, we believe it necessary to create an environment that allows employees to work for many years and experience self-fulfillment during their working lives, even as they go through different stages of their life, such as childbirth, childcare, and nursing care. Diverse workstyles provide a dual benefit. They give employees more power to choose the style that will bring them selffulfillment. Further, an ideal workstyle will not only enrich an employee’s work, but their personal life as well. Put together, we believe these factors will raise productivity as well as our employee retention rate. In addition, households with both spouses working have become commonplace, and the idea of both partners raising children together is becoming more mainstream. The introduction of various workstyles shows respect for the different circumstances affecting each employee, and we believe that if we create an environment where individual employees can work to their potential, they will return the favor by putting the best of their abilities on display. Put simply, we believe that the happiness of our employees will lead to the development of the Company. To this end, we will take steps to reduce working hours and support employees in balancing childcare and nursing care with work.

Key Measures Indicators Targets
Greater support for balancing childcare and nursing care with work
Provide support that will encourage more men to take childcare leave
Increase in the ratio of men that take childcare leave 100%
(FY 2024)
Reduction of working hours
Manage total working hours and establish targets for the taking of annual paid leave
Increase in the ratio of annual paid leave days taken 80% or higher

Supporting Both Ways

In addition to a flextime system with no core hours and a refresh leave system that can be taken after a certain number of years of service, we have established support measures beyond those stipulated by law, such as paid maternity and childcare leave and partial subsidies for childcare expenses. We are working to provide information and raise awareness to help employees obtain such leave. In FY 2022, as part of our efforts to support employees in balancing work with childcare and nursing care, we established a Childcare and Nursing Care Web Portal on our intranet to spread information on company policies and internal systems. In addition, we expanded the childcare period of employees eligible for shorter working hours for childcare and the regional work system (limiting the area to which employees are transferred) up to the third grade of elementary school, thereby promoting greater flexibility in working hours and conditions. Furthermore, we are strengthening internal awareness of the need to increase the percentage of men taking childcare leave.

Regional Work System

Our Group’s career-track employees are expected to work in a manner that allows them to gain experience while relocating throughout Japan. However, in recent years, there has been an increasing number of cases in which employees have been forced to leave their jobs due to difficulties working with temporary transfers for reasons such as childcare or nursing care. In response to these circumstances, we introduced a regional work system in 2021 that allows employees to limit the scope of their transfers within a specific area for a certain period. This system is designed to be available to a wide range of employees, from those in their fourth year of employment and beyond to managers, although they must meet requirements such as being engaged in childcare or nursing care. Through this program, we support all employees of our Group in balancing work and childcare/nursing care.

Leave Related to Volunteering

The DOWA Group supports the volunteer activities of its employees by allowing the use of accumulated leave for up to five days when participating in volunteer activities recognized by the company.

Labor Time Management

We are working to prevent long working hours and encourage employees to take paid leave so they can work vigorously and in good health, both mentally and physically, and fulfill both their work and personal lives. As part of our efforts in work-style reform, we have set a Group policy of reducing total annual actual working hours to less than 2,000. We promote efforts to control and provide guidance on long working hours every month. The time and attendance system managed by the head office manages working hours using computer logs. It requires employees who exceed a certain number of hours to submit an improvement plan to management. We also require employees who work long hours to meet with an occupational health physician as a part of our efforts to manage working hours from both tangible and intangible aspects to optimize working hours.

Risk Assessment of Labor

In addition to ensuring legal compliance, we are committed to creating a more vibrant workplace for our diverse workforce. We hold regular meetings of labor and payroll managers, attended by personnel from each Group company, to share information on social trends and revisions to laws and regulations as appropriate, in order to promote compliance with laws and regulations in labor management. We also visit each group company to conduct labor audits to confirm that appropriate rules and regulations are in place and being implemented in response to the ever-changing labor laws and social demands. In addition to identifying issues, labor audits also provide advice on how to create a comfortable workplace.

Mental Health

The DOWA Group has introduced a stress check tool that allows employees to self-evaluate the state of their mental health. This step is intended to promote mental health management among employees by encouraging awareness of their personal stress levels and helping the Group improve areas in the workplace environment that may be causing such stress. We are committed to preventing mental health problems among employees by providing those with high stress levels with consultations and guidance and by formulating and implementing plans to improve workplace environments.

Promoting Diversity and Spreading Awareness of Human Rights

We believe that a diverse group of human resources utilizing a diverse set of workstyles is what sparks innovation. Diversity among a company’s core human resources is without a doubt an important part of corporate management, and we promote diversity for these core human resources and all others employed by the Group. Since this pursuit will also help us secure a labor force, we intend to make a strong Groupwide effort to achieve this goal. In terms of hiring, we are ramping up efforts to hire increased numbers of women and foreign nationals. In particular, we aim to raise the number of women hired as new graduates to 30% or higher by the final year of Midterm Plan 2024. At the same time, we plan to create an environment that promotes the participation and advancement of women by establishing welfare facilities, expanding career education, and making other efforts specifically for women.

Key Measures Indicators Targets
Promotion of the participation and advancement of women Increase in the ratio of new hires who are women
(DOWA Holdings)
30% or higher
Promotion of the participation and advancement of employees up to the age of 65 Introduction of an option to postpone retirement Introduce a group-wide system
Protection of human rights Elimination of harassment Continue to implement training
Promotion of the participation and advancement of people with disabilities Ratio of employment of people with disabilities 2.3% or higher

Promotion of the Participation and Advancement of Women

We make no distinction in the way we work based on gender, and women in our workforce, both in Japan and overseas, are active in a wide range of fields, including manufacturing, R&D, production management, planning, and sales. Similarly, in hiring, promotion, and advancement, we conduct evaluations based on merit. At the same time, to address the issue of low retention rates among women compared to men in our workforce, we have set a goal of increasing the percentage of women who continue to work after 10 years of employment to 80% or more, the same level as men, and are working to achieve this goal.

As part of our efforts to increase the retention rate, we are developing systems to support work-life balance, such as a flextime system, subsidies for childcare expenses, and expanding the number of employees eligible for shorter working hours due to childcare. We also conduct diversity career training for women and diversity management training for managers to educate and raise awareness. We will continue to support the career development of women while aiming to be a company where people want to work for a long time, regardless of gender.

Promotion of the Participation and Advancement of Employees Up to the Age of 65

To cope with the future decline in the working population and to build a society where older workers can remain active for a longer period, we have decided to raise the maximum retirement age for all Group companies to 65 years old. In FY 2022, we expanded this policy to our major business subsidiaries and have completed implementation at 35 out of a total of 52 companies so far (implementation rate of 67%). We also aim to expand the number of companies to another 15 or more in FY 2023 and to complete the introduction of this policy to all DOWA Group companies by the end of FY 2024. In addition, the Company holds life planning seminars for employees who have reached a certain age, to provide information on second careers after retirement.

Initiatives to Extend Retirement Age

The Group is promoting measures to raise the maximum retirement age for all Group companies to 65. DOWA Holdings, which introduced the extended retirement age first, has raised the mandatory retirement age to 65 years old, allowing employees to work under the same working conditions as before until they reach the mandatory retirement age. At the same time, the Group introduced an optional retirement system, which allows employees to choose to retire before reaching the age of 65 if they desire to be rehired after retirement, with changes to working conditions. In addition, full retirement benefits are still available even when the optional retirement system is applied.

Initiatives to Extend Retirement Age

Employment of People with Disabilities

Concerning the employment of people with disabilities, we will make efforts to create a workplace environment where people with disabilities can work comfortably and play an active role by preparing to accept people with disabilities to meet the legally mandated employment ratio.

Protection of Fundamental Rights at Work

The Group’s human rights policy clearly supports the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. We support and respect fundamental rights at work (freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour, the effective abolition of child labour, the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, and a safe and healthy working environment).

Guideline on fair and equitable remuneration, including minimum and living wages
  • We pay our employees fair and equitable compensation in compliance with all wage-related laws, including minimum wage, overtime, and statutory benefits. We also meet the living wage requirements of each country and region in which we operate.
  • Overtime allowance is paid at a premium to the regular hourly pay rate per local laws.
  • The details of payroll payments are communicated to employees at the appropriate time via pay stubs or equivalent documentation.
Guideline on Working Hours
  • In compliance with local laws, we manage working hours and strive to ensure that each regulation is not exceeded.
  • We strive to control long working hours so that the weekly overtime does not exceed 60 hours per month, except in pressing emergencies.
  • Employees are allowed at least one day off per week.
  • In addition to managing weekly working hours, we strive to properly manage overall working hours through compensatory time off and the flex system.
Other Policies and examples of initiatives
Themes Policies and examples of initiatives
Prevention of child labor We only hire workers who are at least 18 years of age.
Prevention of forced labor Applications from applicants are considered as a prerequisite for employment, and applicants are notified of their acceptance after one or more rounds of employment screening. We always present working conditions before employment, and employment begins upon agreement with the applicant.
Communication between labor and management The Company respects the right of employees to organize and bargain collectively as a means of realizing labor-management consultations. To realize the creation of a comfortable workplace and the development of the Company, we hold regular labor-management meetings, central labormanagement conferences, and other dialogues at various levels with the labor union to explain matters related to management policies and business plans and to discuss other matters such as working hours management and matters that have a significant impact on employees.
Prevention of overwork As part of our effort to prevent overwork and promote work-style reform, we have set a Group policy of reducing total annual actual working hours to less than 2,000 hours. We are promoting monthly efforts to control and provide guidance on long working hours.
Living wage above minimum wage We comply with the minimum wage set by Japan and each country worldwide to which our employees are assigned. For our employees working outside of Japan, we look at the minimum wage in each country. Still, above that, we set our wages to a livable amount based on the price level and lifestyle in each country.

Promoting DX Initiatives Among Human Resources

The DOWA Group is promoting digitization efforts to integrate the vast amount of HR-related data held by the DOWA Holdings Human Resource Department for use in various HR measures, such as finding human resources, effective human resources development, and fair treatment. In FY 2022, we introduced a cloud-based HR information management service to promote integrated management of backbone core systems and recruitment-related information, creating an environment that allows us to visualize and analyze data. As we move forward, the system will promote the efficient use of information and organizational and human resource management.